COURSE SELECTION

Time Table 

Course Selection

In secondary school, parents are expected to help their children choose courses each year. The courses that students choose can improve their chances for succeeding in higher grades. It will also affect their opportunities after they leave high school.

It is important for the parents to go over the courses with their children and make sure that they are taking courses that are appropriate for their interests, abilities and strengths.It is the responsibility of all students and their parents to approve the choices by the prescribed date. The choices may seem complicated, but school guidance counselors or the principal can provide information and advice.Students must pass 30 courses between grades 9 and 12 (usually earned within four years), 18 compulsory courses and 12 optional courses. They must complete 40 hours of community service as well as the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test or Literacy Course in order to graduate.In grades 9 and 10, students must take a number of compulsory courses, Academic and Applied. Academic courses (of grade 10) lead the students toward University courses in Grade 11 whereas Applied/Open courses leads them toward Colleges or Work Places courses.

In grades 11 and 12, students choose courses from four types of courses that prepare them for their proposed destinations after high school: Workplace, College, University/College and University. Pre University (U) courses lead the students toward Universities where as College/Open (C/O) courses lead them toward Colleges or Work Places.

imagebooks

Please refer to the following information and list of courses.

Descriptions of some of the courses offered by Alborz School

Mathematics MHF4U (Advanced Functions)
University Preparation, Grade 12
OVERALL EXPECTATIONS By the end of this course,students will: 1. demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between exponential expressions and logarithmic expressions, evaluate logarithms, and apply the laws of logarithms to simplify numeric expressions; 2. identify and describe some key features of the graphs of logarithmic functions, make connections among the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of logarithmic functions, and solve related problems graphically; 3. solve exponential and simple logarithmic equations in one variable algebraically, including those in problems arising from real-world applications.

Prerequisite: Functions and Relations or Functions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Mathematics MCV4U (Calculus and Vectors )
Grade 12, University Preparation

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in threedimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. Note: The new Advanced Functions course (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U).

MDM4U (Mathematics for Data Management) 

Grade 12, University Preparation
This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing information. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; apply counting techniques, probability, and statistics in modeling and solving problems; and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course and encourages perseverance and independence. Students planning to pursue university programs in business, the social sciences, or the humanities will find this course of particular interest.
Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Computer and Information Science ICS4M
Grade 12 University/College Preparation
This course helps students use programming and software engineering principles to design and develop algorithms and programs. Students will use software development and diagnostic tools, implement data structures and algorithms, and use file management techniques in project settings. They will also develop an understanding of the ethics of computer use and the impact of information technology on the community, and will explore postsecondary education and career paths in computer science.
Prerequisite: Computer and Information Science, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Functions and Relations, MCR3U
Grade 11, University Preparation
This course introduces some financial applications of mathematics, extends students’ experiences with functions, and introduces second-degree relations. Students will solve problems in personal finance involving applications of sequences and series; investigate properties and applications of trigonometric functions; develop facility in operating with polynomials, rational expressions, and exponential expressions; develop an understanding of inverses and trans-formations of functions; and develop facility in using function notation and in communicating mathematical reasoning. Students will also investigate loci and the properties and applications of conics.
Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

Foundation of Mathematics, MFM2P
Grade 10
This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of key mathematical concepts through hands-on activities and to extend their problem-solving experiences in a variety of applications. Students solve proportions and recognize when it is appropriate to use proportional reasoning and the trigonometry of right triangles; investigate applications of piecewise linear functions; solve and apply systems of linear equations; and solve and apply systems of linear equations; and solve problems involving quadratic functions. The effective use of technology in learning and in solving problems will be a focus of the course.
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Principles of Mathematics, MPM2D
Grade 10, Academic
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relations, extend their skills in multi-step problem solving, and continue to develop their abilities in abstract reasoning. Students will pursue investigations of quadratic functions and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; solve multi-step problems in analytic geometry to verify properties of geometric figures; investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles; and develop supporting algebraic skills. Students will continue to use the computer and graphing calculator.
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Principles of Mathematics, MPM1D
Grade 9, Academic
This course enables students to develop generalizations of mathematical ideas and methods through the exploration of applications, the effective use of technology (through computers and graphing calculators), and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships to develop equations of straight lines in analytic geometry, explore relationships between volume and surface area of objects in measurement, and apply extended algebraic skills in problem solving. Students will engage in abstract extensions of core learning that will deepen their mathematical knowledge and enrich their understanding.
Prerequisite: None

Computer and Information Science ICS4M
Grade 12 University/College Preparations
This course helps students use programming and software engineering principles to design and develop algorithms and programs. Students will use software development and diagnostic tools, implement data structures and algorithms, and use file management techniques in project settings. They will also develop an understanding of the ethics of computer use and the impact of information technology on the community, and will explore postsecondary education and career paths in computer science.
Prerequisite: Computer and Information Science, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Computer Engineering, ICE4M
Grade 12, University/college preparation
This course helps students understand and apply computer-engineering concepts. Students will analyse and design computer components such as logic circuits and interfaces; develop and construct systems and write the associated computer programs to drive real-world devices such as traffic lights, models, and robots; and explore networking hardware, protocols, and configurations. As well as developing project management skills, students will examine the ethics of computer use and explore related educational requirements and careers.
Prerequisite: ICE3M

Computer and Information Science ICS3M
Grade 11 University/College Preparation
This course helps students examine computer science concepts. Students will outline stages in software development, define standard control and data structures, identify on- and off-line resources, explain the functions of basic computer components, and develop programming and problem-solving skills by using operating systems and implementing defined practices. As well as identifying careers in computer science, students will develop an understanding of ethical use of computers and the impact of emergent technologies on society.
Prerequisite: None

Computer and Information Science TIK2O
Grade 10
This course introduces students to computer science concepts. Students will learn about the stages in software design; the fundamental programming constructs of sequence, selection, and repetition; the functions of internal and external computer components; the relationship among networks, operating systems, and application software and their uses; how programming languages evolve and will be introduced to Project Management Theory as a tool for problem solving. Students will also develop an awareness of computer related careers.
Prerequisite: None

Chemistry SCH4U
Grade 12, University Preparation
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electrochemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.
Prerequisite: Chemistry SCH3U, Grade 11 University Preparation

Chemistry SCH3U
Grade 11, University Preparation
This course focuses on the concepts and theories that form the basis of modern chemistry. Students will study the behaviors of solids, liquids, gases, and solutions; investigate changes and relationships in chemical systems; and explore how chemistry is used in developing new products and processes that affect our lives and our environment. Emphasis will also be placed on the importance of chemistry in other branches of science.
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Physics SPH4U
Grade 12,University Preparation
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of the concepts and theories of physics. Students will explore further the laws of dynamics and energy transformations, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields; electromagnetic radiation; and the interface between energy and matter. They will further develop their inquiry skills, learning, for example, how the interpretation of experimental data can provide indirect evidence to support the development of a scientific model. Students will also consider the impact on society and the environment of technological applications of physics.
Prerequisite: Physics SPH3U, Grade 11 University Preparation

Physics SPH3U
Grade 11,University Preparation
This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will study the laws of dynamics and explore different kinds of forces, the quantification and forms of energy (mechanical, sound, light, thermal, and electrical), and the way energy is transformed and transmitted. They will develop scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
Prerequisite: Physics SPH3U, Grade 11 University Preparation

Biology, SBI4U
Grade 12, University Preparation
This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes associated with biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, evolution, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

Biology, SBI3U
Grade 11, University Preparation
This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes involved in biological systems. Students will study cellular functions, genetic continuity, internal systems and regulation, the diversity of living things, and the anatomy, growth, and functions of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Science, SNC2D
Grade 10, Academic
This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry and physics, leading directly to the IB science program. It challenges students to develop further their skills in scientific inquiry, and to understand the interrelationships among science, technology, and the environment. Students will conduct investigations and understand scientific theories related to: ecology and the maintenance of ecosystems; chemical reactions, with particular attention to acid-base reactions; and energy and motion.
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Science, SNC1D
Grade 9, Academic
This course enables students to understand important concepts in biology, chemistry and physics, which will be developed further in the IB science program. It challenges students to develop skills in the processes of scientific inquiry, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Students will learn scientific theories and conduct investigations related to cell division and reproduction; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; and the principles of electricit.
Prerequisite: None

English, ENG4U
Grade 12, University Preparation
This course emphasizes the development of literacy, critical thinking, and communication skills. Students will analyse challenging texts from various periods; conduct research and analyse the information gathered; write persuasive and literary essays; and analyse the relationship among media forms, audiences, and media industry practices. Texts include: The Great Gatsby, poetry by Margaret Atwood, Things Fall Apart, and The Outsider…..
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

 English, ENG2D
Grade 10, Academic
This course extends the range of analytic, reading, writing, oral communication, and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school academic programs. Students will study and interpret challenging texts from contemporary and historical periods, including novels, poems, plays, and opinion pieces, and will analyse and create effective media works. An important focus will be the thoughtful use of spoken and written language. Texts include: Macbeth, The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, Myth and Meaning, Speak, and Night.
Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

English, ENG1D
Grade 9, Academic
This course emphasizes analytic reading, writing, oral communication, and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school academic programes and their daily lives. Students will study and interpret texts from contemporary and historical periods, including plays, short stories, and short essays, and will investigate and create media works. An important focus will be the correct and effective use of spoken and written language. Students will be expected to complete the study of three novels. Texts include: The Chrysalids, Romeo and Juliet, and Catcher in the Rye.Prerequisite: None

English in Daily Life, ESLBO
Grade 9, Open
This course expands students’ essential English communication skills and cultural knowledge and introduces the language of classroom studies. Students will develop oral classroom skills and reading strategies, expand their vocabulary, and use more complex sentence patterns. Students will also learn how to use some school and community resources.
Prerequisite: None

English for School and Work, ESLCO
Grade 10, Open
This course is designed to improve students’ accuracy in using English in classroom situations, for personal and career planning, and to understand the changing world around them. Students study and interpret a range of texts and produce a variety of forms of writing. Activities help students to develop their oral presentation skills and acquire study skills (including note-taking and summarizing skills) that will enhance their ability to learn in all subjects.
Prerequisite: ESLBO, or equivalent

Study Skills in English, ESLDO
Grade 11, Open
This course prepares students to use English with increasing accuracy in most classroom and social situations and to participate in society as informed citizens. Students will develop the reading, writing and oral presentation skills required for success in all subjects. Students will study and interpret a variety of grade-level texts, develop oral communication skills through participation in informal debates and seminars, and extend their range of research skills.
Prerequisite: ELD CO, ESLCO, or equivalent

Presentation and Speaking Skills, EPS3O
Grade 11
This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations.
Prerequisite: None

Core French, FSF4U
Grade 12, University Preparation, Credit Value: 1
This course draws on a variety of themes to promote extensive development of French language skills. Students will consolidate their oral skills as they discuss literature, culture, and current issues. They will read a variety of texts and will write a formal essay. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.
Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation

Spanish, LWSDU
Grade 12, University Preparation
This course prepares students for university studies in Spanish. Students will enhance their ability to use Spanish with clarity and precision, and will develop the language skills needed to engage in sustained conversations and discussions, understand and evaluate information, read diverse materials for both study and pleasure, and write clearly and effectively. Students will also have opportunities to add to their knowledge of the culture of countries where the language is spoken through the use of community resources and computer technology.
Prerequisite: Spanish, grade 11, University Preparation

Farsi Language, LYGDO (Classical Studies and International Languages)
Grade 12, University Preparation
This course prepares students for university studies in the Persian language, Level 4. Students will enhance their ability to use the language with clarity and precision, and will develop the language skills needed to engage in sustained conversations and discussions, understand and evaluate information, read diverse materials for both study and pleasure, and write clearly and effectively. Students will also have opportunities to add to their knowledge of the culture of the countries where the language is spoken through the use of community resources and computer technology.
Prerequisite: Farsi language LYGCO, Grade 11, University Preparation

Farsi Language, LYGCO, (Classical Studies and International Languages)
Grade 11, University Preparation
This course emphasizes the development of literacy, critical thinking, and communication skills in the Farsi language. Students analyse challenging texts from various periods; conduct research and analyse the information gathered; write persuasive and Farsi literary essays; analyse the relationship among media forms, audiences, and media industry practices; an important focus in understanding the development of the Farsi language.
Prerequisite: None

World Religions: Beliefs, Issues, and Religious Traditions, HRT3M
Grade 11, University/College Preparation (an option in grade 10)
This course enables students to discover what others believe and how they live, and to appreciate their own unique heritage. Students will learn about the teachings and traditions of a variety of religions, the connections between religion and the development of civilizations, the place and function of religion in human experience, and the influence of a broad range of religions on contemporary society. This course also introduces students to skills used in researching and investigating world religions.
Prerequisite: None

Minimums of three students are required, for any courses, in order to start a lecture.